There is a lot of talk at the moment regarding this new bill.
Peter Suber’s summary (as seen on Google+):
“The Research Works Act (HR 3699) is a new bill to repeal the open-access policy at the NIH and block similar policies at other federal agencies. Co-sponsored by Darrell Issa (R-CA) and Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), it was introduced on December 16, 2011, and referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.
The main section (Section 2) is brief: “No Federal agency may adopt, implement, maintain, continue, or otherwise engage in any policy, program, or other activity that — (1) causes, permits, or authorizes network dissemination of any private-sector research work without the prior consent of the publisher of such work; or (2) requires that any actual or prospective author, or the employer of such an actual or prospective author, assent to network dissemination of a private-sector research work.”
Association of American Publishers applaud it.
Many do not. Here are a few links to find out more:
INFOdocket-Peter Suber on “New Bill to Block Open Access to Publicly-Funded Research”
Finally, here is the link to the bill.